Biology

Department of Biology offers the fundamental courses in biosciences. It deals with the Botany and the Zoology subjects which make the fundamentals of the life sciences. Botany and zoology are the subjects of field work and department offer the balanced blending of field studies, practical aspects and theoretical knowledge. Basic subjects are having utmost importance for various entrance tests to have further carrier development and department helps in making fundamentals clear so that students can achieve good score in such examinations. Further, department helps in inculcating the ethos of love towards Mother Nature, importance to conserve the wild life and save the environment.


Courses

Botany and  Zoology as elective subjects in BSc programme


Facilities

SI No. Name of Equipment Serial Number Manufacturer  Company
1 Magnetic Stirrer GWMS1966 REMI
2 Slide Warming Table   YORCO
3 Refrigerator   LG
4 Digital Oven   Nova
5 Light Microscope (10)   Olympus
6 Dissecting Microscope (16) 6,9,12,13,15, 16,17,21,22,27,29,34,45,49 BESTO
7 Triple Beam Balance   National
8 Rotary Microtome   YORK
9 Exposure Timer B275 Agil
10 Microtome    
11 PH meter 0206069 EI
12 Showmaster Slide Projector 016457 JESSOP
13 Student Microscope (20) 1,3,5,6,11,14,15,6,17,19,21,22,25,26,37, 39,43,46,48,49 Biocraft

 


Activities

Activities: 2016-17

  • Visit to Forensic Science Lab
  • Visit to Zoo & Nursery
  • Visit to Poultry
  • Guest Lecture

Departmental Activity Conducted (2015-16)

PLANT DISTRIBUTION
30-6-15 and 01-07-15

Plant distribution was organized to motivate students to plant and grow more trees. We cannot stop deforestation but surely can grow more trees and can help the Mother Nature maintaining green cover. A free distribution of saplings (Plants) was organized on 30th June and 1st July, 2015 between 11:30 am to 2:00 near the reception at Staff parking area. The plants selected for distribution were of ornamental and medicinal importance. Plants like Asopalav, Kanji, Borsali, Sisu, Karanj, Shetur, Saragavo, Tulsi, Billi, Garmalo, Neem, etc., were collected for the event with the help of Forest Department Nursery of Munjka. Dr. Yvonne Fernandes Principal, Christ College had distributed some saplings with her kind hands to the students and encourages the efforts of students, and in this way contributed to the event. Total 65 plant saplings were distributed in these Two days. Students and staff of Christ campus were benefited by the event.

PHOTOGRAPHY EXHIBITION
16-2-16 to 22-2-16

A Wild life photography exhibition was planned to motivate student towards Mother Nature. The exhibition was organized during 16-2-16 to 22-2-16 from 8:30 am to 1:30 pm in biology Laboratory Room No.312. It was inaugurated by Father Benny Joseph and Dr. Fernandes. More than 250 photographs were selected for the exhibition. The photographs were of reputed wild life photographers like Mr. Bhavesh Trivedi, Mr. Ravi Adreshna, Mr. Kuldeep Chauhan, Mr. Pinkesh Tanna and Mr. Vimal Wadgama. To motivate the Christ Campus students we had also included the best photographs clicked by our students. The student contributors were Bhavya Joshi, Akash Bhatt and Simran Kariyani. Bhavya Joshi is an excellent wild life photographer. His other mentions in Newspapers, magazines, Different exhibition in Various Cities and International Sites. The work of Bhavya is well appreciated by National geography and other slandered journals. There were a variety of photographs based on different aspect of wild life. Photographs including Lion, Tiger, Spotted deer, dove, Baya weaver bird, owl, Snakes, Pythons, Butterflies, Forest ecology, Grasslands, Indian Pita, Rosipaster, Peacock, Egrets, Flamingo, Lapwing, Goat and many other Birds and Mammals. Near about 800 college students 50 School teachers from St. Mary’s School, Bhavnagar (They haven’t came especially for the exhibition but they were having a Teachers training at the campus) and 100 Staff members had visited the exhibition. 311 visitors had given their valuable feedback, which was recorded in the feedback register for the photography exhibition. As a post exhibition expansion two students (Rudra Pandya and Khushboo Bhatt) from F Y B Sc are getting training under Bhavya joshi.

 

NATURE EDUCATION CAMP FOR GIRLS - NARARA
27-1-16 to 28-1-16

Dates: 27-1-16 and 28-1-16 (One night stay)

Place: Narara

Participants: 27 Girls from first, second and third year

Escorted by: Dr. Jatin V. Raval (Biology Dept.), Ms. Rutvi Chovatiya (Bioinformatics Dept.)

 

Students of Christ college were taken on a nature education camp to Narara, Jamnagar, from 27th to 28th of January, 2016. The bus left Rajkot at 7:00 am on 27th. Our first stop was at Ranjith Sagar dam. We had lunch at Premwati, on the beautiful and huge premises of the Swaminarayan temple. We reached Narara in the late afternoon. The roads leading to the camp site offered exceptional scenic beauty. After tea and refreshments, we set out into the mangrove forests with our guides Pranav sir and Sejal ma'am. They explained us in great detail, the importance of mangroves in the preservation of soil and oxygen and taught us to identify their various species like rhizophora and Salvadora pelcia. These are the only two species which show viviparous mode of reproduction, among all the other species. We saw a mesmerizing sunset at the sea, oblivious of numerous tiny companions that resided in the waters. We were shown a documentary of the place and its wildlife, after which the dinner was served. After having dinner, we sat in circles near our tents and played games, enjoying ourselves to the fullest. We danced around the imaginary campfire and fell asleep.

The next morning, we were lucky to have two birdwatchers with us, Bhargav sir and Kishan sir, who helped us to watch and identify the avian diversity of the place. We saw Yellow vorted Lapwing, pond heron, sand plougher, painted stork and the beautiful and graceful Greater flamingo. A group of Rosy sterlings made vivid patterns in the sky over our heads. Caspian terns, cormorands, ospreys and white breasted kingfishers stole our attention. Our guide for the day, Ashkar Bhai accompanied us to the sea. Accurate calculations of the low tide helped us to see a great diversity of marine species as we walked deeper into the sea. The surface of water appeared to be covered with Spirogyra. We gaped at the variety, colors and patterns of the crabs. Some of them were fiddler crabs, ghost crabs, sand crabs, spider crabs, reef crabs and the huge Neptune crabs. The experience of holding them in our hands is inexplicable.

 

We saw sea cucumber of the echinoderm phylum and gasped at its similarity with real cucumber. We also saw sea slugs, tube sponges and turbo shells of the porifera phylum. Carpet oysters, pearl oysters, sand dollars, prawns, shrimps, star fish and brittle star left us wandering about the beauty and diversity of the marine wildlife. Due to curiosity of touching and holding these animals, brittle star broke an arm for protection, which saddened us. We hope that they regenerate their lost parts soon. Watching a sea anemone withdraw itself and disappear into its little tube, on touching it, was a real feast to the eyes. Our excitement rose as the guide caught an octopus and handed it to us carefully. The feel of its arms creating vacuum against our skin was a rare experience. As we dropped it into the sea again, it shot a stream of ink and disappeared out of site. The feel of Puffer fish swelling between our palms like a balloon, gave us goose bumps. Colorful patterns of brain coral, moon Coral, pineapple star coral and fevitis Coral fascinated us completely during the coral walk.

We sat on huge rocks with darter birds and rested for a while before returning back to the camp. We were served delicious lunch and had a very interactive session with Bhargav sir and Kishan sir, who were also snake catchers. It was an amazing and once in a lifetime experience, visiting this Marine National Park. It is hard to forget the fascinating marine wildlife and the soothing feeling of the waves against our feet. I am truly thankful for this opportunity given to us.

NATURE EDUCATION CAMP FOR BOYS - POSHITRA

Dates: 5-2-16 and 6-2-13 (One night stay)

Place: Poshitra (near Dwarka)

Participants: 55 Boys Students from first, second and third year

Escorted by: Dr. Jatin V. Raval (Biology Department)

The Memorable Nature Education Camp to Poshitra started after arrival of the bus at 1:10 am we reached at religious place Dwarka at 5:30am. At the holy place there was a big line to see lord Dwarkadish in the famous temple of lord Krishna. It was very near to Gomtighat where people were taking bath for release of their sins. Then further we went to visit to an Organic private farm of professor kher to have firsthand experience from an economics professor about organic farming and seen live demonstrations. There were trees of coconut, sapodilla and few others. Professor told us that one coconut tree gives us approximately 250-300 cocunut yearly. Then after we went for a visit to Salet sea food, which was on Dwarka-Okha state highway no-25. There were many different fishes such as pamphlet, shark and many more. Some crabs, lobsters, octopus and many more sea food variety. There we studied that the working was of different types like peeling of the skin and packing them on freezed condition. The meat was stored in a cold storage which was having temperature 180c. Visited “Selet” fish processing unit at Dwarka mithapur Road to learn about fish and marine food processing, fish and marine food packaging, Preservation techniques, Problems, Issues and profit in fisheries, 30 fish species

After this we took visit to Nageswhar Mahadev temple and Gopilake just for few minutes. The main experience of the camp as yet to come. Then we reached to Poshitra camp site. It was low tide so we went kilometers in to the sea by walking and observing the marine life. This is a rare opportunity to see marine life by walking because it is not available any were in the word. Other part of the word one have to do scuba diving to observe these creatures. We had seen octopus, starfish, brittle star, worms, crabs, shrimps, hermit crabs, lobsters, prawns, oysters, sponges, hard corals, soft corals, nudibranchs, sea rabbit in different shapes, sizes, colors and activities. We had got a chance to meet the researchers and forest officers because there were another activity were also going of those twenty-thirty staffs. They shared some of the methods of sampling, fishing, monitoring and so on. The next morning after the bird watching of two hours we collected the plastic bags and garbage from the sea shore. In the return journey we luckily got a chance to see reliance industry from within.

VISIT TO FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY
08/07/2015

A visit to Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Rajkot was organized by Biology department and Biotechnology department for F. Y. B. Sc. (Zoology), S. Y. B. Sc. (Biotechnology), T. Y. B. Sc. (Biotechnology) and T. Y. B. Sc. (Bioinformatics) students. Forensic science is a unit in F. Y. B. Sc. Zoology Syllabus. The details of the visit are as under.

No of Students: 125

Faculty: Dr. John J. Georrge, Dr. Jatin V. Raval and Mr. Priyank A. Patel

Date : 8/07/15 Wednesday

Time : 10:00 am to 1:15 pm

FSL (Forensic Science Laboratory) had arranged faculty to guide our students, so that students can get maximum exposure to the scope of the subject and future opportunities in Forensic field. For their ready reference we had provided some points of forensic science which are there in the syllabus.

1. Fundamental of Forensic Science. i. An introduction. ii. Basic principles and significance. iii. Organization structure of forensic science laboratories.

2. Biological Aspects. i. Examination of blood, saliva, hair, tissues and biochemical materials, food poisoning on cell and tissue

The Expert had discussed all these points and had given many other Testimonials/ Case study. Mr. Rashmikant P. Majmudar had also shared their experiences working in FSL.

Following the Theory and question answer session the students had divided in to three batches and visited all the departments or sections at FSL like Biology section, Serum section, Chemistry, Toxicology, Fingerprinting, Microbiology, Physics, Material science, and many others. At each department the respective expert had demonstrated the functioning of the instruments and methodology to the students. Students had asked the questions and got the satisfactory answers.

The Christ college students had presented the vote of thanks.

SNAKE AWARENESS
14-03-2016

On 14th March, 2016 Mr. Atman Vaidya from Utkarsha Science school had taken lecture cum demonstration on snakes for the students of Christ College. He a student of Christ College. In his guest lecture initially the difference between Poisonous and non poisonous snake were discussed with key to identify them easily. Sir has given details of Cobra, Rat sand Boa, Kukri, Krait, Russell’s earth Boa, Checkered Kill back, Python, Rat snake and many other local snakes. He has discussed special characteristics like supra-labial scales, infra-labial scales, body scales, belly scales, shape of tail, nasal pit, etc. A Student had given vote of thanks to atman sir. Students like Akash Bhatt, Bhavya Joshi, Ridhi Rughani, Nirali Lakkad were very much interested and given valuable inputs as well. A good interaction was taken place.

VISIT TO ZOO and NURSERY
02-03-2016

The Visit was well planned and managed by Mr.Vishal Muliya and Dr. Jatin V. Raval. Our destination was the Municipal Zoo, located at Pradyuman Park. It was very different from other conventional zoos where animals are caged. Wild animals were kept in their natural habitat and necessary obstacles were created to prevent their escape. We were guided by Bhatt sir (Zoo Curator) who enriched us with immense knowledge. The zoo had many wild animals. We left the zoo after showing our gratitude to the zoo officials. Students were given an assignment to prepare details of the animals found in the Zoo. Students had prepared the food, habitat, coloration, status in India and Gujarat, and special characters. Students had represented the details of each animal in front of the specific cage.

Visit to Poultry Farm

On 11th December, 2015 all F.Y. B. Sc. Zoology students were taken to the Government poultry farm at Pedak road, Rajkot. The poultry farm was located in a sub-urban area. All the students were in white T shirts/tops because other bright colors may lead to the psychological shock to the birds and diversely affect its health and production. We started our journey by 9 am from the college. The institution had provided us the bus facility. We reached the poultry farm at 9:30. We were first taken to a room full of RIR chicks. Vaccination is provided to young chicks at regular intervals. We later went to a separate room with adult birds which were 58 weeks old. They were de-beaked in order to protect them from harming each other. We saw several poultry apparatus like brooder, waterer, feeder, layer, egg basket etc. Aarti madam had demonstrated the basic facilities and equipments in the farm. The Director of the Poultry farm Dr. Kaneriya and Miss Aarti had explained us the following points.

  • Basically, Poultry works on the basis of Layers and Broilers (table purpose).
  • Both of them are of different breeds and Characters.
  • According to Economical view the profitable age for the Layer birds is 1.5 years or 72 weeks.
  • The age of fouls is generally measured in Weeks. For the Broilers it is of 8 weeks.
  • Before the Egg is laid, It takes 14 days to form an egg after the Ova is released from the Hen’s Ovary.
  • The Ovarian cycle of Hen is of 24-26 hours.
  • That is why Hens lay an egg every 26-28 hours dependent on the breed. The hatch period of a Fertilized egg is of 21 days.
  • The Eggs laid by Hen are kept in the Brooder house.
  • The Eggs sold in Market are not the Fertilized one, they are non Fertile i.e. Produced without Male. Thus, one can consider the Non-Fertile egg as we consider Milk as an Animal Product. Then talking about the fertile egg. In the production of fertile eggs the ratio of Female to Male is 7:1.
  • Government price of fertile egg is near 10 Rs per egg. The Price of an egg depends on the demand and supply.
  • The Breed “White Leg Horn” is generally used as Layers. “Rhode Island Red” is used in dual purpose.
  • “Aseel” which is rare Specie was used in Cock Fighting. 

    There are three stages in Layers

    1. Cheeks:- Up to 8th week of Foul’s birth they are called cheeks.
    2. Growers:- From 9th week to 20th week they are called Growers.
    3. Layers:- 21st week onwards they are called layers.
  • The profitable age of layers is upto 72 weeks from their birth.
  • The Quality of Food and Food habits play an important role in the Development of the Foul.
  • Weight of the new-born Cheek is 35-40 gms. In the Layer bird the weight increases to 250 gms and of the Brudders the weight increases to 2-2.5 gms.
  • The fast development of the Broiler depends on the FCR (Food Conversion Ratio). More the FCR more the development.
  • Mainly the fouls are reared by the Intensive Method. 
  • In the poultry house the three stages are kept in the different compartments under the maintained temperature.
  • The layer of the feeder increases according to the development of the foul.

Two of the student participants Parth Sabhaya and Nikita Thanki, and Dr. Jatin V. Raval had presented the vote of thanks to the authorities. The visit was full of information and practical exposure.


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Certificate course in Medical laboratory technology.

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